Sri Lanka is an Island country in the Indian Ocean Southwest of the Bay of Bengal. Sri Jayawardanapura Kotte is the legislative capital and the commercial capital and largest city is Colombo . The highest point is Pidurutalagala reaching 2,524m above sea level. Sri Lanka has 103 rivers and the longest is the Mahaweli river extending 335km. The climate is tropical and warm due to the moderating effects of ocean winds.
There are many cultures ,languages and ranges. The majority of the population is from the sinhalese ethnicity .Geographic location and deep harbours made Sri Lanka of great strategic importance from the time of the ancient Sri Lanka has rich cultural heritage. Sri Lanka was known from the beginning of British Colonial rule until 1972 as Ceylon , its recent history has been marred by a thirty year Civil war which decisively ended when the Sri Lanka military defeated The LTTE.